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Full text of "Poland Russia and Great Britain 1941-1945"

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questing their help — nothing would have seemed more natural and
simple, therefore, than for them to have stretched out their hands with this
' freedom, liberation and independence' and first of all help to liberate
the Polish capital, yet ...
" Since the beginning of the struggle for Warsaw^ the Red Army on its
outskirts had discontinued all active operations," wired the Vice-Premier
on August 5 from Warsaw. " Complete quiet now reigns, although for
the second day the German planes are heavily bombing the city. In a
word—there is no Soviet intervention. This incomprehensible passive
behaviour on the part of Russian forces standing only a dozen or so kilo-
metres from Warsaw has its political significance ..."
On August 6, General Bor reported that the "Soviet attack on the eastern
outskirts of Warsaw died down three days ago ..." and on August 8, his
communique ran :—"All is quiet on the East, we no longer hear the Russian
guns ... I solemnly state that Warsaw in its fighting is not receiving assist-
ance from abroad, from the Allies, just as Poland did not receive it in 1939.
Our alliance with Great Britain has resulted only in bringing our assistance
to her in 1940, in repulsing the German attack against the British Isles, in
the fight in Norway 3 Africa, Italy and on the Western front. We request
you to state this fact to the British in an official demarche. It should
remain as a document . . . We do not ask for equipment—we demand its
immediate despatch."
" The soldiers and the population of the capital look in vain to the skies
expecting Allied help," wired the Government Delegate on August 10.
'* They only see German aircraft against a background of German smoke."
It cannot be denied that from the very first days of the Warsaw rising,
London bargained with Moscow over the help which was to be given to
the Polish capital.   Moscow's point-blank refusal to help did not astonish
the fighting Poles, for they had already learnt that detachments of the
Polish Home Army had been disarmed by the Russians within that area
from the frontier to the Vistula.   Why, therefore, should the Soviet
Government supply Warsaw with weapons ?   But what the people of
Warsaw found difficult to understand was this silence and lack of support
from Britain and the United States.   London explained that Warsaw
could not receive support from the West as, strategically, the Eastern
Front belonged to Russia and neither they, nor the United States, wished
to interfere in the Russian theatre of operations.    Warsaw radio expressed
the sentiments of the Polish people in this their most poignant hour, by
recalling America's commitments in the Atlantic Charter, and Britain's
Treaty with Poland.   " The African, Norwegian, Italian and French
fronts, the Atlantic and British home front, where our land, sea and air
troops are fighting " claimed the broadcast, " were and are not the terrain
of Polish strategical interest but the terrain of a commonly conducted war.
We, therefore, demand reciprocity."   The only conclusion which could
be drawn from the previous events was that in the early days of the rising,
London dared not go against Moscow and give aid to Warsaw.   World
opinion, however, was to exert too great a pressure for the continuance of